Sign & Symptoms

The Scientifically Proven Migraine Symptoms

Migraine is a chronic disease, manifested by periodic bouts of severe, more frequent unilateral headaches. Pathology is characterized by the absence of organic causes for its occurrence, such as injuries, tumors, circulatory disorders, etc. The seizure can last from 2-3 hours to 2-3 days during which the patient often becomes practically helpless because any movement increases pain.

General information

Statistically speaking, at least one in 10 people on the planet has migraines.

Women are about twice as likely to be ill as men. This is associated with cyclic hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle. The disease usually occurs up to the age of 30-35, and cases of childhood pathology are also described.

The biomechanics of the disease is not known. There are several theories of the onset of pain and accompanying symptoms, the most popular of which is neurovascular. According to this view, migraine begins with activation of the nucleus of the triple nerve, which causes the first spasm and then expansion of the cerebral vessels. As a result, the tissues around the arteries are swelling, leading to pain. In addition, the pathological process is associated with a serotonin exchange disorder.

Some scholars believe that pain arises only against the background of a sharp spasm and subsequent relaxation of the vessels, resulting in a swelling of the tissues (vascular theory). It has been clearly shown that the risk of developing the disease is much higher in women, as well as in people whose parents or close relatives also suffered from migraines.

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