What you need to know about tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is an contagious complaint caused by the mycobacteria of tuberculosis, which is also called the Koch stick by the name of the scientist who discovered it.
Tuberculosis is transmitted by air. Indeed a single inhalation of TB mycobacteria can lead to the development of the complaint, but more frequently, close contact with the case leads to TB. The source is a tuberculosis case.
Anyone can get infected, but children are particularly susceptible to tuberculosis because of their rightly formed vulnerable system.
What contributes to tuberculosis?
Malnutrition and malnutrition;
Drunkenness, medicine dependence and substance abuse;
. Habitual conditions (lungs, diabetes mellitus, ulcers).
Still, visit your quarter croaker incontinently and he’ll order the necessary tests, If you’re diagnosed with these symptoms.
Still, don’t despond, If you’re diagnosed with« tuberculosis».
With timely discovery of the complaint and strict adherence to the croaker- specified treatment governance, tuberculosis can now be completely cured.
Tuberculosis treatment is handed by specialanti-tuberculosis medicines, which must be taken every day without a pass, or by a special scheme if you have finished in- case treatment and continue it in the inpatient stage on the recommendation of a croaker.
Causes of tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is transmitted by airborne and fine routes. Mycobacterias are plant in the lowest driblets that TB cases cache when talking, coughing, sneezing,etc.
Grown-ups at threat of constricting tuberculosis are
. Persons suffering from habitual conditions ( similar as diabetes mellitus, autoimmune conditions),
. people with cancer,
. people taking immunosuppressive medicines,
. Cases who have experienced severe surgery,
Symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis
Severe weakness, fatigue, habitual fatigue.
Wakefulness, night demons.
Loss of appetite and body mass.
Night sweat (it can be so strong that the case has to change bed linen).
The increase in body temperature, substantially tosub-febril values, that is, not advanced than37.5 °C. The temperature is constant and accompanied by chills.
A cough. First the cases worry about the dry cough, but as the complaint progresses, the foam appears.
Hemorrhaging. It’s characteristic of after stages of tuberculosis.
Casket pain. Cough pain indicates the involvement of the pleura in a pathological process.
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis
The success of treatment depends largely on early opinion of the complaint. TB remedy is long term and ranges from 4 months to several times.
During treatment, smoking and alcohol should be avoided.
Tuberculosis remedy involves a combination of several antibacterial medicines. For the utmost part, all medicines are taken in a lozenge form, but intravenous injection is needed at the onset of the complaint or in severe conditions.
Tuberculosis is treated both at home and in a technical sanitarium. Hospitalization is shown at the original discovery of tuberculosis, for the treatment of severe forms of tuberculosis and for the surgical treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.
And The sweet content of food must be 10 per cent advanced than that of a normal life. Dairy products, spare meat, fish, nuts are rich in protein, which is necessary to strengthen impunity. It’s absolutely necessary to include vegetables, flora, whole grain products in the menu. Fastfood, fat, smoked food, sugar and sweet carbonated potables should be avoided.
Among thenon-specific complications common in numerous pulmonary conditions, croakers relate to haemorrhage, pulmonary haemorrhage, robotic pneumothorax. Robotic pneumothorax is the entry of air into the pleural depression due to damage to the lung towel. The presence of air in the pleural depression compresses the lungs and interferes with the normal breathing process. Cases have been described where pneumothorax results in bronchopleural fistula.
Rare but redoubtable complications include atelectase (dilation of part of the lung that stops sharing in gas exchange and respiration), lung abscess ( conformation of pustum in lung towel), amyloidosis of internal organs (as a result of the long- term seditious process, protein-amyloid begins to be deposited in the organs, which causes dislocation of their normal work), habitual pulmonary insufficiency.
Specific complications associated with pulmonary tuberculosis include bronchial tuberculosis, trachea, larynx, lingo root, tuberculosis pleuritis, and tuberculosis emphyma- traffic of pus in the pleural depression.
The information in this section can not be used for tone-individual and tone- drug. In the event of pain or other aggravation of the complaint, only the attending croaker should order individual tests. In order to make the opinion and correct tradition of the treatment you should communicate your croaker.