Diseases of the musculoskeletal system are inherent not only in the elderly, but also in patients of a younger age group. Arthritis, arthrosis, trauma and inflammation of the joints is a frequent diagnosis in contemporary medical records. The treatment of pathologies is complex, including both medication, physiotherapy, and even folk methods. Nutrition is also important. A well-chosen diet for arthritis can improve a person’s life qualitatively. We will find out what nutrition a patient with this pathology of the musculoskeletal system should have.
Features of the course of rheumatoid arthritis
There are many types of arthritis (psoriatic, reactive, polyarthritis), but the most dangerous, with a complex course, is rheumatoid. The pathology is autoimmune, and it is almost impossible to predict that it may appear in a particular patient.
Why does arthritis occur?
Provoking factors are:
- joint injuries;
- hypothermia and exposure to large vibrations;
- difficult working conditions.
- Rheumatoid arthritis can occur in a child after infectious diseases (ARVI, angina).
When one or more joints become inflamed and swollen, and movements in them become painful or impossible, they speak of a disease such as arthritis
Symptoms of pathology and stages.
The disease is characterized by acute periods and long-term remission. Often, exacerbations of rheumatoid arthritis are observed in spring and autumn. In the acute period, the pathology manifests itself in the form of severe pain, weakness, and an increase in the patient’s body temperature. The sites of inflammation swell, the skin becomes red.
In the period of remission, almost nothing bothers a person, sometimes there are aching pain sensations after significant physical exertion.
What happens to the joints?
In rheumatoid arthritis, the articular surfaces are modified. There is a violation of the development of cartilage and bone tissue. Osteophytes are formed (growths of bone tissue on the articular surfaces). Any joints are involved in the inflammatory process, but first, the pathology affects the hand, ankle, ankle, foot. Then the hip, knee joints and spine suffer.
Complications of arthritis are deformities of the bones of the legs, arms, and spine. As a result, the normal motor activity of a person is disrupted. In case of untimely or improper treatment of the disease is fraught with disability.
Does the diet help with rheumatoid arthritis?
Nutrition for arthritic joints is a carefully selected by-product. The diet should not provoke a deterioration of the patient’s condition. If the patient is obese or overweight, then the bodyweight should be returned to normal values, according to BMI (body mass index). In this case, diet and nutrition for arthritis contribute to reducing the load on the joints.
Nutrition for arthritis is part of complex therapy. It is able to remove provoking risk factors for the development of exacerbations. But it should be understood that such a diet should not be short-term, but permanent.
The basic rules of diet in arthritis
Proper and healthy nutrition is the key to your well-being.
But, like every diet, the diet of a person suffering from polyarthritis has its own nuances and rules:
It is worth understanding that dietary nutrition of this plan should become an integral part of your life. You can not follow a diet 3 days a week or just a month and hope for a good result.
Consider what you absolutely can not eat with arthritis:
fat and high-calorie foods;
foods with a high sugar content;
flour and pastry products.
Diet for arthritis and arthrosis
So, the disease that requires a special diet is arthritis. Diet when it can be compiled by a professional nutritionist or a doctor-andrologom. After a few weeks, you will learn how to combine foods and eat properly for yourself.
We offer you a menu for a few days, so that you will understand how to make your diet in the future:
There is no unified diet for arthritis, but it is possible to determine the General principles of the diet, as well as recommended and prohibited products
Table: weekly Menu for a rheumatoid arthritis patient
Meals should be frequent and fractional, up to 4-6 times a day, the last meal no later than 2 hours before bedtime
In addition, bread is consumed as needed. Preferably, it should be wholegrain or rye. Before going to bed, you can drink fermented dairy products up to 250 g.
If you do not like fresh vegetables or fruits, cook them or bake them. In winter, you can use frozen vegetable mixes. Just make sure that there are no peppers, tomatoes or potatoes in them.
On many resources, you can find recipes for dishes for arthritis. They are easy to prepare. You can eat this way as a whole family. You don’t have to buy expensive ingredients, or cook every day. Salmon and cod are replaced with more budget-friendly herring, capelin, and mackerel.
Make sure that the diet is varied and not boring.
How to replace nightshade vegetables?
Potatoes are replaced with porridge, pasta made from durum wheat varieties. If we are talking about soup or borscht, it is permissible to use crackers and tomato paste.
If you do not know how nightshade crops affect you, exclude them from the diet for 2-3 months. If the period of remission has lasted, you do not suffer from painful sensations, you feel good, maybe you should not use these products at all.
Alcohol intake for rheumatoid arthritis
Alcohol, like tobacco Smoking, is a provoking factor in the development of rheumatoid arthritis. Significant consumption of alcoholic beverages causes periods of exacerbation. That is why in the presence of this pathology of the musculoskeletal system, the use of alcoholic beverages is not encouraged, and even prohibited.
Alcohol triggers the production of hormones such as dopamine and epinephrine. They aggravate the course of the disease, cause inflammation, edema, while the outflow from the periosteal bag is disrupted, the limb becomes reddened and swollen.
Diet for arthritis of the knee joint should be followed for life. It contains the principles of proper nutrition, the diet of a person should be balanced, only so can you achieve permanent remission and forget about pain.
In the diet of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis, fish, linseed oil and vegetables must be present. Proper selection of components will make your life healthy and happy.